Academic Integrity

Updated: 9/6/2021

 

The concept of academic integrity
according to the Law of Ukraine "On Education", part 7 of article 42

Academic integrity

a set of ethical principles and rules defined by law, which should guide the participants of the educational process during training, teaching and conducting scientific (creative) activities in order to ensure confidence in learning outcomes and / or scientific (creative) achievements.

Academic plagiarism

publication (partially or completely) of scientific (creative) results obtained by other persons as the results of own research (creativity), and / or reproduction of published texts (published works of art) by other authors without indication of authorship

Self-plagiarism

publication (in part or in full) of their own previously published scientific results as new scientific results

Fabrication

inventing data or facts used in the educational process or research

Falsification

conscious change or modification of existing data relating to the educational process or research

Write-off

performing written work involving external sources of information, other than those permitted for use, in particular when evaluating learning outcomes

Deception

providing knowingly false information about one's own educational (scientific, creative) activity or organization of the educational process; forms of deception are, in particular, academic plagiarism, self-plagiarism, fabrication, falsification and writing off

Bribery

provision (receipt) by a participant of the educational process or a proposal to provide (receive) funds, property, services, benefits or any other benefits of a tangible or intangible nature in order to obtain an illegal advantage in the educational process

Impartial evaluation

deliberate overestimation or underestimation of the learning outcomes of students

The main types of academic plagiarism:

• literal borrowing of text fragments without formatting them as quotations with reference to the source (in some cases even the use of one word without reference to the source is considered incorrect if the word is used in the unique meaning given by this source);

• use of information (facts, ideas, formulas, numerical values, etc.) from a source without reference to this source;

• paraphrasing the text of the source in a form that is close to the original text, or summarizing ideas, interpretations or conclusions from a particular source without reference to that source;

• submission as own works (dissertations, monographs, textbooks, articles, abstracts, reports, tests, calculations, course, diploma and master's theses, essays, abstracts, etc.), made to order by others, including works in respect of which the authors have consented to such use.

Academic plagiarism must be distinguished from citation errors. The most common citation errors are:

• absence of quotation marks when using text fragments borrowed from other sources, if there is a correct reference to this source;

• link to another source;

• Incorrect link design, which makes it difficult to find the source.

Typical examples of self-plagiarism are:

• duplication of publications - publication of the same scientific work (completely or with insignificant changes) in several editions, as well as re-publication (completely or with insignificant changes) of previously published articles, monographs, other scientific works as new scientific works;

• duplication of scientific results - publication of the same scientific results, in different articles, monographs, other scientific works, as new results that are published for the first time;

• submission in the reports on the implementation of scientific projects of the results contained in previous works, as obtained during the implementation of the project;

• aggregation or addition of data - combining old and new data without their clear identification with appropriate references to previous publications;

• disaggregation of data - publication of part of previously published data without reference to previous publication;

• re-analysis of previously published data without reference to the previous publication of these data and their previously performed analysis.

The following can be included in the write-off:

• submission or representation by different persons of works with the same content as a result of own educational activity;

• writing other people's versions of tasks at control events;

• use of a system of hidden signals (sound, gesture, etc.) when performing group control measures with the same options;

• non-independent performance of tasks in cases when assistance is not allowed, or failure to provide information about the assistance received, consultations, cooperation, etc .;

• receiving other unauthorized assistance in performing those tasks that involve self-performance.

Observance of academic integrity by pedagogical, scientific-pedagogical and scientific workers provides:

• links to sources of information in the case of the use of ideas, developments, statements, information;

• compliance with the law on copyright and related rights;

• providing reliable information about research methods and results, sources of information used and own pedagogical (scientific-pedagogical, creative) activities;

• control over the observance of academic integrity by students;

• objective assessment of learning outcomes.

Adherence to academic integrity by students provides:

• independent performance of educational tasks, tasks of current and final control of learning outcomes (for persons with special educational needs this requirement is applied taking into account their individual needs and opportunities);

• links to sources of information in the case of the use of ideas, developments, statements, information;

• compliance with the law on copyright and related rights;

• providing reliable information about the results of their own educational (scientific, creative) activities, used research methods and sources of information.

Academic responsibility

The main types of academic responsibility are established by the Law of Ukraine "On Education".

According to Part 5 of Article 42, the main types of academic responsibility of scientific and pedagogical, scientific and pedagogical workers include:

• refusal to award a scientific degree or confer a scientific title;

• deprivation of an awarded scientific degree or academic title;

• refusal to award or deprivation of the awarded pedagogical title, qualification category;

• deprivation of the right to participate in the work of statutory bodies or hold statutory positions.

According to Part 6 of Article 42, the main types of academic responsibility of students include:

• re-assessment (test, exam, test, etc.);

• re-passing the relevant educational component of the educational program;

• deductions from the educational institution;

• deprivation of academic scholarship;

• deprivation of educational benefits provided by the educational institution.